Capital of Russia
The Amazing City of Moscow

Moscow is the Capital of Russia and besides being its largest city it is the center of cultural, economic and political developments.

It is the sixth largest city of the world and the second largest city in Europe after Istanbul, with a population of close to 12 million inhabitants.

It is located on the Moskva River in the center of European Russia and has been the country’s capital since the times of the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow, the Tsardom of Russia and later the Soviet Union.

Red Square in the heart of Moscow

Red Square in the heart of Moscow

Attractions of the Capital of Russia

  • Red Square Moscow

This is the real heart of Moscow for more than 500 years. Its buildings are witnesses of all the turbulent years of Russian history.

It is and has been the venue for extraordinary military parades throughout the years.

It has been refurbished to its pre Soviet Glory in the last few years.

The Kremlin in the Capital of Russia

The Kremlin in the Capital of Russia

  • Kremlin

This powerful Kremlin, so feared in the past is an impressive buildings and space of more than 1.5 Sq Km. It is where tourists spend most of their time.

There are tours offered around the Kremlin such as the various cathedrals, the Armory and the Archaeology of the Kremlin Museum.

It is open to the public from Friday to Wednesday between 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM.

Assumption Cathedral in Moscow Russia

Assumption Cathedral in Moscow Russia

  • Assumption Cathedral

Recognized by its five golden “onion” domes facing the square, the Assumption Cathedral has been the burial site of most heads of the Russian Orthodox Church. One of the important sights is the fresco of the Virgin Mary dating to the 1600s facing the Sobornaya Place.

  • Armoury

Today it is a museum of imperial arms and the works of craftspeople, silversmiths and goldsmiths. It is a must visit while visiting the Kremlin.

The World renowned Bolshoi Theatre

The World renowned Bolshoi Theatre

Bolshoi Theatre

It is located on Theater Square together with another two theaters, the main one being the Bolshoi. It was built in 1824 replacing the Petrovka Theater that stood on the site. It inaugurated in 1877 with the premiere of Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake.

The Bolshoi shows around 2 to 3 ballets and 3 to 4 different operas a year. They focus on masterpieces of famous composers such as Tchaikovsky, Wagner, Verdi and Mozart.

  • Terem Palace

This is a 16th to 17th century palace, being the most beautiful of Kremlin Palaces. It was built min stone by Vasily III. You may visit the palace’s living quarters including a living room, dining room, study and bedroom and a small chapel. It is located behind the Church of the Deposition of the Robe.

Capital of Russia

St Basil's Cathedral on the other end of the Red Square

St Basil's Cathedral on the other end of the Red Square

  • St Basil's Cathedral

Also known as the Pokrovsky Cathedral is located on the opposite side of the Voskresensky Gate of the Red Square.

It was built under the rule of Tsar Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) between in 1554-1560. According to the legend, when the Tsar saw the finished cathedral, he ordered the architects to be blinded so that they would not build such a beautiful building anywhere else.

This Cathedral itself is an architectural masterpiece consisting of nine altars spread out on one single foundation.

  • The State Museum

It hosts a huge collection from the Russian Empire since the Stone Age. The building itself is an attraction. It was reopened in 1997 and has kept adding galleries every year.

The Gorky Park for amusement and relaxation

The Gorky Park for amusement and relaxation

  • Gorky Park

This world renowned park is both a fun fair and a passive park. It is the perfect escape from the busy capital. It is named after Maxim Gorky. It stretches for about 3 Km along the river. The entrance is marked by many flags and the happy music sounds of the carrousels.

As an amusement park it offers two roller coasters and many “terror” attractions. During winters it is a center for ice skating and cross country skiing.

  • Ice Sculpture Gallery

It used to be an outside gallery and therefore open only in winter. But now it is hosted in a refrigerated tent keeping the temperature at -10°C.

The exhibits are spectacular and are enhanced by colorful lights depicting scenes from Russian’s fairytales.

The GUM Department Stores in Moscow for great shopping

The GUM Department Stores in Moscow for great shopping

  • GUM Department Store

This is one of the largest shopping centers in Europe and the most famous spot for shopping ion Moscow. It is located on the Red Square and was originally built by Alexander I in 1812.

It has a luxurious style selling brands as Hugo Boss, Louis Vuitton, and Dior. It also features many cafes and restaurants.

  • Moscow Museum of Modern Art

It hosts an impressive collection of 20th century paintings, graphics and sculptures, of foreign and Russian artists, with works by Chagall, Malevich and Kandinsky.

Please make sure to visit the whimsical sculpture garden in the courtyard.

For more information visit Russia Tourism Office

Mayakovskaya Station of the Moscow Metro

Mayakovskaya Station of the Moscow Metro

  • Moscow Transit Network

You see it the moment you arrive. It features four international airports, nine railway stations and one of the world’s largest subway systems in the world, the Moscow Metro. It is a real landmark due to the rich architecture of its 194 stations.

  • Diamond Fund Exhibition

Located in the same building as the Armory it hosts an extra collection of precious stones, mainly diamonds. All this of the collections of jewelry by the Tsars and empresses, including th 190 carat diamond given to Catherine the Great by her lover Grigory Orlov.

credits for images on capital of russia

red square by raul p
kremlin by pavel kazachkov
assumption by yair haklai
metro station by bjorn torrisen
bolshoi by dimitri guryanov
st basils by yeawaatzup
gorky park by ikar.us
gum store by hons084

all courtesy of wikimedia commons

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