Capital of Colombia
Bogota DC

The Capital of Colombia is a beautiful city called Bogota. Its full and official name was Santa Fe de Bogota from 1991 to 2000 and it is called now Bogota DC or Bogota Distrito Capital.

Aerial view of Bogota

Aerial view of Bogota

Third tallest Capital of South America

It is located at an altitude of 2,625 meters above sea level and was founded in 1538 by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada.

Its motto is: “Bogotá, 2600 metros más cerca de las estrellas” in English: “Bogotá, 2600 meters closer to the stars”.

The area of the city is 1587 km2 or 613 sq miles and the estimated population is about 7.5 million inhabitants. The whole metropolitan area of Bogota that includes a few smaller municipalities is close to 9 million.

It is the third tallest capital of South America after La Paz, Bolivia and Quito, Ecuador. With its many universities and libraries, Bogotá has become known as "The Athens of South America".

The Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá

The Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá

In Spanish Catedral de Sal de Zipaquirá is one of the most important sightseeing spots in Colombia. It is outside of the Capital and you have to drive some time, but the visit is worth a million words.

It is an underground Roman Catholic Church built within the tunnels of a salt mine 200 meters underground in a Halite mountain near the town of Zipaquirá, in Cundinamarca, Colombia.

It is a very popular tourist destination and place of pilgrimage in the country. There are many chambers that include Christian carvings and sculptures; most in relation to the 14 Stages of the Cross on the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem.  In addition, there are several chapels and a main cathedral built inside the chambers.

Old Bogota called La Candelaria

This is a well-kept section of the Old City featuring g small shops and ancient churches. In this neighborhood you’ll find the Museo del Oro, the Fundacion Botero, the Catedral de Bogota, the Religious Art Museum, the Coin House and the Library of Luis Angel Arango.

Palacio de San Francisco

This Republican style palace was fashionable in Colombia during the early 1900’s. In 1984 it was declared a National Monument and dedicated to host one of the biggest schools in the capital, Nuestra Señora del Rosario.

Plaza Bolívar

It occupies the center of Bogota. It is without a doubt the heart of the Capital of Colombia. It originated as Plaza Mayor in 1539 by Sebastian de Belalcázar one of the conquerors of the New Continent.

Cerro Monserrate

You can get there by funicular railway or just walk to the top of the hill for a magnificent view of the city of Bogota and beyond. The views justify the effort of climbing the mount.

Capital of Colombia

Palacio de Nariño

Palacio de Nariño in the Capital of Colombia

Casa de Nariño o Palacio de Nariño is the Presidential Palace, located in the old part of the city in a district called La Candelaria. This awesome palace was built during the XIX Century and is the actual home of the President of Colombia.

Museo de Arte Moderno

This museum offers a selection of 20th Century art concentrating on Colombian painters and sculptors of the second half of the Century. The building that houses the museum was designed by Rogelio Salmona, a very famous Colombia Architect. The complex also has a small cinema that shows European and Latin American films.

Bogota’s City Parks

One of the largest urban parks of the world is Simon Bolivar Metropolitan Park that includes among others the Botanical gardens the National Sports Authority Headquarters called Coldeportes. It also features the recently opened Library Virgilio Barco.


This is where you’ll find traditional and modern Afro-Colombia and Indian handcrafts. The productsd are of materials like fibers, fabrics, wood, silver, gold, ceramic and stone among others. It is the leader of handicraft products in the country.

Plaza de Toros la Santamaria

This is not everybody’s cup of tea but Colombian like Bullfighting, the torero, the matador and the bull. Even though the season is just January and February, there are small exhibitions during the year.

Soccer in Bogota

As we all know, Soccer or Football is the King of all sports in South America and Bogota has two important soccer clubs the Millonarios and Independiente Santa Fe. If you like soccer, you’ll be delighted with the variety of games in the city.

Mundo Aventura Park

Mundo Aventura Park

There are a few of them. Mundo Aventura Park has mechanical games such as sky coaster, roller coaster, hammer, and other adult amusements plus children's rides and a feeding zoo. Salitre Mágico Park offers rides and entertainment for all ages. Another one, Jaime Duque Park has a giant hand holding the world symbolizing the hand of Gold. There is also a full reproduction of the Taj Mahal displaying reproductions of famous paintings.

Museo del Oro

The Gold Museum owned by the Banco de la Republica has one of the most important collections or Pre-Hispanic Metals in the world. It was established in 1939 and is today a symbol of Colombia’ cultural memory. Please do not miss this museum.

Bogota’s City Parks

One of the largest urban parks of the world is Simon Bolivar Metropolitan Park that includes among others the Botanical gardens the National Sports Authority Headquarters called Coldeportes. It also features the recently opened Library Virgilio Barco.

Carnaval de Bogotá

Carnival of the Capital of Colombia

If you happen to be in Bogota at the beginning of August, exactly on the 5th and 6th you’ll witness an amazing carnival honoring Colombia’s diversity with comparsas and folkloric groups from the many regions of the country. They also feature the famous “verbena” that are celebrations at local sites in towns of the periphery.

Emerald Museum

It is conveniently located close to the celebrated Museo del Oro. Colombia is known for its emeralds of startlingly high quality and here in the Museum one can glimpse some of the finest specimens around. It is located on the 23rd floor of the Avianca Building, close to the La Candelaria section.

Museo de la Moneda

The numismatic collection of Republic Bank of Colombia was opened in 1996 inside the Casa de la Moneda. This is where the first coins in America were coined.

Escuela Café or Coffee School

If you want to take home the knowhow that has made Colombia the # 1 Coffee Country, this is a course that you should take. In 4 sessions of 4 hours each you become an expert in extracting the best flavors from the best coffee in the world.

Map showing the location of Bogota the Capital of Colombia

Map showing the location of Bogota the Capital of Colombia

For more information visit Colombia Official Tourism Website

images credits for capital of colombia

aerial bogota n/a
zipaquira by novoparra
palacio san francisco by felipe restrepo
bolivar by kinori
montserrat by otero211
nariño by miguel olaya
toros by arturo aparicio
soccer n/a
amusement park n/a
carnival by antefor90

all courtesy of wikimedia commons

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