Capital of Albania
Tirana with a Rich History

The Capital of Albania, Tirana is the center of the country’s cultural, economic and governmental activities. It is located in the western part of the country, surrounded by hills overlooking the Adriatic Sea and the gorgeous Albania Beaches.

Aerial view of the skyline of Tirana the Capital of Albania

Aerial view of the skyline of Tirana the Capital of Albania

To give you an idea of its location, it is 700 km north of Athens, the Capital of Greece, 290 west of Skopje, Macedonia and 160 km south of Podgorica, the Capital of Montenegro.

This city has a very old history dating thousands of years. It was founded in 1614, although the area has been constantly inhabited since antiquity. Albania was totally isolated until the fall of the Soviet Empire, and it has been opening to the world since then.

Skanderbeg Square is at the heart of the Capital of Albania

Skanderbeg Square is at the heart of the Capital of Albania

Skanderbeg Square

This square in the heart of Tirana Albania, surrounded by the most important attractions, is a lively meeting point. It features the statue of Albania’s famous son Georg Kastriot Skandebeg.

Its name in Albanian Sheshi Skënderbej, is where you’ll find the National History Museum of Albania, the National Theater, the Gallery of Figurative Arts, the Palace of Congresses, and other important landmarks. Here you will also see Kulla e Sahatit, the city symbol of Tirana. It is the Clock Tower built in 1822, that was unfortunately bombed by the Germans during WWII.

Capital of Albania

Et’hem Bey Mosque in Tirana Albania

Et’hem Bey Mosque in Tirana Albania

Et’hem Bey Mosque

Located in the center of the Capital of Albania, it was started in 1789 by Molla Bey and it was finished in 1823 by his son Ethem Pasha or Haxhi Ethem Bey, great-grandson of Sulejman Pasha.

During the totalitarianism of the Socialist People’s Republic of Albania, the mosque was closed, to open again in January 18, 1991, despite opposition from communist authorities. Thousands of people entered carrying flags being the onset of the fall of communism in Albania.

Sky Club Panoramic Bar & Restaurant

In addition to the exquisite cuisine, it offers a panoramic view of 360 degrees with an amazing view of the city.

It is open 7 days a week from 7 am to 12 midnights and is located on the top floor of the Sky Tower.


The Block area, has become Tirana’s hippest and most vibrant district. Here you’ll find shops, boutiques, bars and restaurants as well as nightclubs. It is the place to see and be seen in this ever growing cosmopolitan city.

Parku I Madh

It is an urban park with many paths of natural scenery in the middle of this busy city. It is a great escape from the noise and a venue for restaurants scattered throughout the park. The visitor will also find many vendors selling all kinds of items and souvenirs.

Durrës on the Adriatic

Take a day trip to the port of Durres, the second largest city in Albania. It was established in the 7th century BC. It is an interesting sight and the beaches are awesome. It is only 50 km from Tirana and is easily accessible by train or car. While there, visit the Byzantine Wall, the Venice Tower and the Amphitheater, the Turkish Wall and the Tower of Karl Topia.

The Old Pyramid of the Capital of Albania

The Old Pyramid of the Capital of Albania

The Pyramid of Tirana

It was built during the communist regime to honor the dictator Enver Hoxha, a former Albanian leader who promoted the ideals of Stalinism for decades after the Russian dictator died.

The pyramid is crumbling, the windows smashed and the walls full of ugly graffiti, but it is still difficult to destroy.

It is still one of the most important structures in the city. The sight is very popular because it can be climbed by foot.

Sheshi Nënë Tereza in honor of Mother Theresa

Sheshi Nënë Tereza in honor of Mother Theresa

Sheshi Nënë Tereza

We all remember that Mother Theresa, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, was born in Albania as and this is the way its people honor her name. Mother Theresa Square is one of the most popular landmarks in Tirana and the site of the University of Tirana.

There is a small monument in her honor at the square, located on the west side. On the east side is the Archaeological Museum, and the Qemal Stafa Stadium behind the square. South of the square you can find Tirana’s Grand Park, Parku i Madh, the site of the artificial Lake of Tirana, a perfect family getaway for weekends.

Prezë Castle

This one of Tirana’s relics. Located overlooking the town with the same name, this 15th century castkle was once owned by the Topias, a famous feudal family of Albania’s history.

Its beautiful towers overlook the plains of Tirana, making it a popular touris attraction for a one-day tour.


Mount Dajt

With an altitude of 1,613 meter, this is the highest peak in the country and very popular during winters among the locals that very seldom have to opportunity to see the snow.

Today is a 3,300-hectare national park maintained by the Tirana Forest Service.

Botanic Garden of Tirana

The Kopshti Botanik was established in 1964, and now comprises some 15 hectares of lush green space right alongside Parku i liqenit. Completed in 1971, the garden is home to phyto-geographical and systematic collections of extraordinary scientific and cultural value.

Botanic Garden of Tirana
National Gallery of Figurative Arts in Tirana Albania

National Gallery of Figurative Arts in Tirana the Capital of Albania

National Gallery of Figurative Arts

Called in Albanian the Galeria Kombëtare e Arteve Figurative, opened in Tirana in 1954, and was changed to its current location in 1974.

It is the country’s most important institution for the exhibit, conservation and restoring of Albanian Art. It features over 4,100 pieces of art by Albanian and foreign artists from the 13th century until today.

Baitul Avval Mosque

This is one of the largest mosques in Tirana, and in all Albania. It belongs to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community established in 195 countries all over the world.  It has been here since 1934 and they also have the Darul Falah Mission House.

Kisha e Zojës Ndihmëtare

This is the Church of Our Lady of Help, which was inaugurated in 2008 as a modern construction, dedicated as a catholic church in the Laprakë neighborhood of Tirana. It was consecrated Saturday October 25, 2008, by Archbishop of Tirana, Durres Rrok Mirdita, during a solemn Mass attended by the local community, as well as bishops and priests from all Albanian territories.

Muzeu I Orëve

Located in the vicinity of the Clock Tower, is this Clocks’ Museum featuring clock towers from around Albania. The Muzeu I Orëve is a new museum opened in the former Dyqanin e Sahatçiut shop. The museum documents the history of tower clocks in Albania through models, documents, prints, graphics and other historic items. The main focus is Kulla e Sahatit, Tirana’s city symbol. Access to the Clock Tower is free.

Parku Rinia the largest park in Tirana

Parku Rinia the largest park in Tirana

Parku Rinia

This largest park in Tirana is home to the Summer Festival, a pagan celebration taking place every March 14, to mark the end of the winter and the rebirth of nature and a rejuvenation of spirit amongst the Albanians. One of the main attractions of the park is the Taivani complex, with restaurants, cafés, underground bowling and a beautiful artesian fountain at the main entrance.

The park was built in the 1950′s and covers an area of almost 30 hectares. It was rebuilt in 2000 and saw a huge resurgence in its popularity. The water feature here is quite extraordinary.

Lake Farka

The Liqeni i Farkes, located east Tirana’s city center, is a favorite water sports venue during summer. Picnicking, swimming, boating are the usual sports in this countryside jewel. It is the perfect getaway from all the noise of the city. It is larger than its relative, the artificial lake at Parku i Liqenit.

Please visit Albania Tourism official website

Map of Albania

Map of Albania

credits for images of capital of albania

sskandenbeg by pudelek
ethem bey mosque by brams
blloku n/a
parku i madh by stafa sara
pyramid n/a
durres n/a
sessi nene teresa n/a
prku rinia by dombrowski
preze castle by tobias clenze
mount dajt by albinfo
botanic gardens by denisa arikaj

all courtesy of wikimedia commons

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