Baltic States
Estonia Latvia Lithuania

The Baltic States also known as the Baltic Countries is a region consisting of the countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. They gained their independence on World War I from the Russian Empire, to lose it again in World War II to the hands of the Soviet Union.

They finally regained independence in 1991 and are today three thriving countries part of the European Union. They are a success story.

Alexander Nevsky Church in Tallinn, Estonia

Alexander Nevsky Church in Tallinn, Estonia


Estonia is the northernmost of the three states and covers about 1,500 islands. Its capital and largest city is Tallinn. It is located on the northeastern edge of the European Union. One more thing to mention is that Estonia’s territory is mostly covered by forests.

These are some of the Points of Interest while visiting Estonia which are described on our page about Estonia Tourism:

  • Jagala Falls
  • The Art Museum of Estonia
  • Tannenberg Line on Sinimaed Hills
  • The Baltic Clint
  • Haapsalu
  • Narva Castle
  • Hiiumaa
  • Mustvee
  • Kuremae

A view of Tallinn the Capital of Estonia

A view of Tallinn the Capital of Estonia

Tallinn Estonia, the Capital is a magical city of medieval cobblestone streets. Very interesting is the Town’s Center dominated by the Oleviste Church. From there you may climb to Toompea Castle for magnificent views of the city.

National Parks of Estonia

  • Karula National Park
  • Lahemaa National Park
  • Matsalu National Park
  • Soomaa National Park
  • Vilsandi National Park 

Baltic States

The modern city of Riga, Capital of Latvia

The modern city of Riga, Capital of Latvia


It neighbors Estonia to the south and has Russia to the East. As with Estonia and Lithuania it became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991 and since then has joined the European Union. It is ranked the second greenest country in the world. Its capital Riga is the largest city in the Baltic States.

Attractions one must visit in Latvia:

  • Turaida Museum Reserve
  • Central Market
  • Karosta Prison
  • Freedom Monument
  • Knights' Stronghold
  • Bobsled Track
  • Liepāja History and Art Museum
  • St Peter's
  • Holy Trinity Church
  • Latvian Ethnographic Open-Air Museum
  • Museum of the Occupation of Latvia
  • Krimulda Castle and Manor

Vilnius is the thriving Capital of Lithuania

Vilnius is the thriving Capital of Lithuania


It is the largest of the Baltic countries bordering Poland on the south and Latvia on the north. It has gone a long way since 1991 when it was the first of the Baltic States to declare independence from the USSR. It is now a full member of NATO and the European Union. Its capital is Vilnius.

On our page Travel to Lithuania you’ll find full details about tourism to this country. Some of the attractions are:

  • Old Town of Vilnius
  • Curonian Spit in Lithuania
  • Kernave
  • Aukstaitija National Park
  • Hill Of Crosses
  • Palanga
  • Kursiy Nerija National Park
  • Vilnius University in Lithuania
  • St. Anne's Church
  • Lithuanian Art Museum

Political map of the Baltic States

Political map of the Baltic Countries

This article is just an introduction to the Baltic Republics. You will be directed to more detailed pages about each country and their capitals and attractions.

images credits

estonia alexander nevsky by poco a poco
latvia riga by nikater
lithuania vilnius by andrejavos

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